Turkey Shows Interest in Armenian Demand for Access to Trabzon Port

Harut Sassounian

BY HARUT SASSOUNIAN

In a recent column, I reported that Turkey’s Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu had indicated an interest in meeting with “Diasporan leaders” to discuss Armenian demands emanating from the Genocide of 1915.

In response, I suggested that before Armenians consider meeting Davutoglu, he must prove his sincerity by making eight preliminary concessions, one of which is providing the Republic of Armenia special commercial access to the Turkish port of Trabzon.

Last week, the Turkish website Gunebakis and other media outlets reported the positive reaction of Muzaffer Ermish, General Manager of the Trabzon Port: “In a recent article, Harut Sassounian, editor-in-chief of the California Courier newspaper, pointed out that Turkish authorities were actively pursuing the start of a dialog with the Armenian Diaspora, and further contended that they were engaged in a series of meetings ahead of 2015, the 100th Anniversary of the Deportation. Sassounian, who advised the Diaspora not to make conflicting demands from Turkish authorities, listed the demands that a united Armenian delegation could make, including the demand that ‘Armenia be given special commercial access to the Port of Trabzon.’” Gunebakis confirmed that “Trabzon has given a green light to that request.”

However, the General Manager observed: “should the Turkish government provide us with the necessary permission, we are ready. Armenia can easily import and export through this location. The $7.5 billion trade volume of Armenia would be an amazing event for Trabzon.” The Gunebakis article, headlined “Armenia’s Eyes are on the Port of Trabzon,” indicated that most of Armenia’s imports and exports currently pass through the Georgian Port of Poti.

Port manager Ermish indicated the benefits of using Trabzon instead of Poti. He pointed out that the distance from Trabzon to Yerevan is 430 kilometers (270 miles). “While the Port of Poti provides the advantage of a railroad link, there is a significant delay in shipments. On the other hand, there is a convenient highway between Trabzon and Yerevan, which is available at all hours of the day. From the Port of Trabzon to Alican [Armenia’s Margara border crossing point] is 400 kilometers, and from there to Yerevan the distance is only 30 kilometers…. Any vehicle that departs from our location will be in Armenia within 6-7 hours, which is an unbelievable advantage for that country,” Ermish stated.

The General Manager stressed that “Trabzon’s Port capacity is capable of accommodating new projects,” and that “we have increased the capacity of the Port from 3.9 to 10 million tons. We are only utilizing 25% of the Port’s capacity. We are prepared for any commercial opportunity that might present itself regarding Armenia.”

One can draw several conclusions from Port Manager Ermish’s swift and positive reaction:

— This deal is in the mutual interest of both Armenia and Turkey. Trabzon would utilize its port capacity more fully, while Armenia would save on cargo handling fees, pay lower freight rates, and gain an alternate land access to the outside world.

— The General Manager would not have made a public announcement on the sensitive topic of cooperation with Armenia, unless he had advance clearance from Ankara. It is possible that the Turkish government is using Ermish’s positive statements as a trial balloon to gauge the degree of support or opposition to such a move. While there has been no negative reaction from anti-Armenian nationalist circles in Turkey and Azerbaijan, Armenian merchants have welcomed the Turkish gesture.

— Since the Trabzon Port’s Manager has announced that Armenian cargo can directly cross the currently closed Armenian-Turkish border rather than being rerouted through Georgia, even a limited opening of the border for cargo shipments would eliminate the need for the highly controversial Armenian-Turkish Protocols, once and for all.

Finally, a truly sincere gesture of reconciliation by Turkey would be acknowledging that Trabzon was a major center of extermination during the Armenian Genocide. A monument should be erected in Trabzon Port in memory of thousands of Armenian women and children who were placed in boats and cruelly dumped to drown in the Black Sea.
It should be clear that neither giving Armenia special access to the Trabzon Port nor the erection of a monument could be considered restitution for the Genocide. These are simply steps Turkish officials must take to prove their good faith before Armenians can sit with them at the negotiating table.

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12 Comments

  1. Ray said:

    There is no question that we should never forget the Armenian Genocide.
    My question to Mr.Sassunian as a American Armenian is the following now that we have our own nation
    and we are not only a state within the Soviet Union don’t you think we should put more time and energy
    on ways to better life and econmy in Armenia? I just don’t want us to put all our eggs in one basket and become a prisoner of our own tragic past! I still have not seen enough done for this important issue we have many smart people in the diaspora that can become great laeders in Armenia and also fight against curroption in Armenia to create job so people will not only not want to leave Armenia but even want to move back. Thank you.

  2. Hrant K. said:

    Trade can make rival people approach one another, but not @ the expense of the Recognition of
    the Armenian Genocide and the physical implementation of the Wilsonian Armenian Internationally
    Recognized Borders!…

  3. istanbul armenian who want to leave istanbul said:

    honestly nothing will happen

  4. levon sanosyan said:

    Special permit to allow Armenians to pass on our own land stolen by murderous Turkey? You must be kidding! This so called Eastern Turkey is Western Armenia. Who is giving whom the right to use this land?
    Turkey out of Armenian lands. These lands belong to Armenians period.
    And a word of advise to Harut. Please for God’s sake do not fall in the Turkish trap! You must be smarter than that!

  5. arsu said:

    Mr. Sassounian

    Talking about Armenia in Turkey isn’t a sensitive issue as you think. In my opinion, It is impossible to open the port and a border with a limited use due to the pressure of Azerbaijan. The rest of your writing is just a dream

  6. Krikor said:

    I do not believe it intil I see it. We have been fooled by the Turkih officials so many times

  7. Aram said:

    Turks are making a mockery of Armenians. Armenia has a government and Turkish officials should talk to them and NOT the “Armenian Diaspora” or their “leaders”. I know the Diaspora “leaders” feel special and important in these cases, but they need to “come down” and not represent Armenia or the Armenian people in ANY matter!!!

  8. Raffi said:

    Armenia is landlocked and it would be better to create a solid relationship with Georgia and drop all this stupid talk of Javakheti, belonging to Armenia and show them that Armenia is not an enemy of Georgia. The Georgians are far more trustworthy than the filthy Turks. Creating a free trade agreement between Armenia and Georgia would serve us much better and establishing special economic cooperation agreements would benefit both parties. It would also be good to foster better relations between Russia and Georgia and Armenia could serve as a mediator.

  9. Raffi said:

    Cooperation between Orthodox countries must be increased and this will greatly benefit Armenia. Making peace between Georgia and Russia is in the interest of Armenia. An establishment of a Eastern Orthodox Cooperation Council can greatly increase channels of mutual cooperation and understanding between Orthodox countries. Armenia would benefit from better relations with Georgia. Furthermore Armenia should foster better relations with Serbia which has an excellent arms industry that Armenia could learn alot from.This organization could grow to establish a development bank to help all the member countries.

  10. Heghapokhagan said:

    Այս հարցը կը պատկանի բարձր կառավարական ու քաղաքական մակարդակի միայն. Անհատները կամ խմբերը կամ Մըտաւորականները կամ Մէծահարուստները, իրավունք չունեն քննարկել եւ որոշել Հայ Ազքի ճակատագիրը, ՀայԴատը, Հայ Ազքի իրավունքները.
    Ձեղասպանութիւնը Իրականութիւն է ՈՒ ՎԷՐՉ…. Քանի որ ապացուցված է … Ոջ մի բան չկա քննարկելու … «Բացի» Ընդունելություն հանցաքործության, Հայ Ազքի դեմ , վերադառձընելով Արեւմտյան Հայաստանը եւ հատուցումներ:
    This Issue is in High Governmental and Political Level!!! Individuals or groups or Geniuses or Super Rich, have no right to discuss and decide Armenian People’s Case, Rights and Destiny!!!
    History can Never be Rewritten…. Since it is Proven… there is nothing to discuss about… “Except” Admission of the Crime Committed Against Armenian Nation and Armenian People, Returning Western Armenia and reparations.

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