From Susurluk to Paris


Funeral of slain Kurdish activist in Paris Sakine Cansiz

BY HRAYR S. KARAGUEUZIAN

The Susurluk scandal refers to the events surrounding the peak of the Turkey–Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) conflict, in the mid-1990s. It is considered a scandal because it indicated a close relationship between the government, the armed forces, and organized crime. The relationship came into existence after the National Security Council (MGK), Turkey’s highest body of authority conceived the need for the marshaling of the nation’s various “resources” to combat the separatist, Kurdistan Workers’ Party.

The scandal surfaced with a car crash on November 3 1996, near Susurluk, in the south-eastern province of Balıkesir, Turkey. The scandal revealed relations between criminal networks, the police, and the government in Turkey. When a government car crashed, found at the scene were: Abdullah Catli, internationally wanted alleged murderer; chief police officer Huseyin Kocadag; and Sedat Bucak, a deputy for the True Path party (DYP) the political party of then Prime Minster Tansu Ciller. A sinister alliance of political representatives with gangsters in combating the Kurds was hence exposed.

Fast forward to 2013; three Kurdish women were murdered execution style in the Kurdish Information Center in Paris on January 11. One of the three murdered women, Sakine Cansiz, was a close companion of Andullah Öcalan, the imprisoned leader of PKK. She was present when the PKK was founded in the late 1970s and spent years in the Diyarbakir Prison, notorious for the systematic torture that took place there, and later went on to become an important PKK representative in Europe.

Who Is Responsible? The question of who was behind the killings of the three Kurdish women remains unanswered at the present. However, the lessons of the past indicate a clear role for the Turkish “deep state” in assassination plots. The examples Hrant Dink who was trying to assemble and catalog the identity of Turkish citizens of Armenian descent thus bringing forward the memory of the Gencoide, the recent assassination of a teacher in an Armenian School in Turkey all point to an organized assassination rather than an ordinary killing. Surprisingly, Dink’s case was initially dismissed as an organized murder. However, most recently the prosecutor’s office of Turkey’s Supreme Court of Appeals has asked the top court to overturn the rulings as an “ordinary killing,” arguing that the assassination was “organized.”

“Anything is possible,” says the Turkish journalist Saruhan Oluç . “Both opponents of the peace process within the PKK, or Turkish right-wing extremists linked to the security apparatus who oppose an agreement with the Kurds, are potential perpetrators.” A politically correct discourse would be to suggest an “internal Kurdish struggle” as PM Erdogan did without wasting time. However he did not dismiss a more sinister possibility. Erdogan, with his Islamist agenda is a different breed of politician compared to his late mentor Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan. Erdogan is credited in dismantling of a military plot Balioz (Sludge hammer) designed to topple his government, However, Erdogan’s selective pursuit of justice is devoid of a high moral compass. He is after the truth that brings him more power and against issues that bring forward the memory of the Genocide. “That’s how it is here,” says the journalist Saruhan Oluç. “A positive step [i.e., talks with Ocalan] has barely been made before another setback takes place.” The journalist was referring to the recent “opening” by the Turkish PM Erdogan, who had sent a representative to ostensibly discuss possible ways of ending the lethal violence with the PKK leader Ocalan.

The question was and remains: Which Turkish government can be trusted, the “deep” or the “not so deep”?

8 Responses

for “From Susurluk to Paris”

  1. George says:

    Turkey can’t be trusted, Kurds should not fall into cheap autonomiy promisses of Mr. Erdogan, an autonomy can never be replaced with a full independence, after suffering so long the Kurds diserve their independence and have their own country, like all other countries

    • Memo says:

      Well they already have northern Iraq, if u want them to have their own country why don’t u give some of ur own country!!

      • deaf says:

        because my country is populated by my own people, Kurds are asking for their lands, lands which are populated by them. They live their so they deserve it. Its not rocket science!

  2. Tigran says:

    I do not trust Kurdish people either, because they killed us the most.

  3. Serj Bulanikian says:

    There has been the wrong information in the press. The teacher who was assassinated recently WAS NOT Armenian. He was a Turk who was teaching computer sciences in an Armenian school.

  4. Serj Bulanikian says:

    There has been the wrong information in the press. The teacher who was assassinated recently WAS NOT Armenian. He was a Turk who was teaching computer sciences in an Armenian school.

  5. John-Emmanuel Shirajian says:

    Turkey is not helping itself avert the conflict with the Kurds. The discriminatory and unethical policies of the different Turkish governments against the Kurds is leading to a civil war and partition of that country sooner or later. Turkey is helped however by the inability of the Kurds to unite and organize . As long as the Kurdish political / military sturggle is marred by regionalism, tribalism and nepotism a lot of blood is going to spilled and wasted. Time is not on Turkey’s side. The Kurds will prevail but when and at what cost nobody can estimate at the moment.

  6. Alex Postallian says:

    The jerks(turks) cant get along with nobody,that mongol mentality.So, lets build a big fence around jerky,and put a sign up signifying ZOO.,and their little bastard brother,azerbaturk,or make them a leper colony.

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