Why Turks Were Capable of Exterminating Armenians, But Not Jews

Harut Sassounian


Endless comparisons are made between the Armenian Genocide and the Jewish Holocaust. However, there is yet another comparison that is rarely made: the Turkish ability to carry out the Armenian Genocide and inability to eliminate the Jewish settlers from Palestine during the same period. Such a comparison has not been made because hardly anyone has studied the Turkish deportation plans of Jews during World War I in relationship to the Armenian Genocide.

My preliminary analysis is based on information gleamed from Prof. Yair Auron’s book, “Zionism and the Armenian Genocide: The Banality of Indifference,” Vartkes Yeghiayan’s “Pro Armenia,” and other archival materials. I would like to detail the circumstances of deportations of the Jews and how they were mostly spared, while Armenians were not! More importantly, what steps did the Jewish Diaspora and settlers in Palestine take to avoid suffering Armenians’ tragic fate?

Armenians and Jews, as minorities in the Ottoman Empire, were convenient scapegoats for the whims of ruthless Turkish leaders. Interestingly, the Young Turks used the same arguments for deporting both Armenians and Jews. The Turks had accused Armenians for cooperating with the advancing Russian Army, while similarly blaming Jews for cooperating with British forces invading Ottoman Palestine. Furthermore, Jews were accused of planning to establish their own homeland in Palestine, just as Armenians were allegedly establishing theirs in Eastern Turkey. In yet another parallel, Jamal Pasha, one of the members of the Young Turk triumvirate, had cynically commented that he was “expelling the Jews for their own good,” just as Armenians were forcefully removed “away from the war zone” for their own safety!

In 1914, when Turkey entered World War I on the German side and against the Allied Powers (England, Russia, and France), Palestine became a theater of war. Turkish authorities imposed a war tax on the population, which fell more heavily on the Jewish settlers. Their properties and other possessions were confiscated by the Turkish military. Some Jewish settlers were used as slave labor to build roads and railways. Alex Aaronsohn, a Jewish settler in Zichron Yaacov, wrote in his diary: “an order had recently come from the Turkish authorities, bidding them surrender whatever firearms or weapons they had in their possession. A sinister command, this: we knew that similar measures had been taken before the terrible Armenian massacres, and we felt that some such fate might be in preparation for our people,” as quoted in Yeghiayan’s “Pro Armenia.”

In Fall 1914, the Turkish regime issued an expulsion order for all “enemy nationals,” including 50,000 Russian Jews who had escaped from Czarist persecutions and settled in Palestine. After repeated intercessions by German Ambassador Hans Wangenheim and American Ambassador Henry Morgenthau, these “enemy nationals” were allowed to stay in Palestine, if they agreed to acquire Ottoman citizenship.

Nevertheless, on December 17, 1914, Jamal Pasha’s subordinate, Bahaeddin, governor of Jaffa, implemented the expulsion order, deporting 500 Jews who were grabbed from the streets and dragged to police headquarters, and from there forced to board ships docked in the harbor. Homes of Jewish settlers were searched for weapons. Hebrew-language signs were removed from shops and the Jewish school of Jaffa was closed down. Zionist organizations were dissolved, and on January 25, 1915, the Turkish authorities issued a declaration against “the dangerous element known as Zionism, which is struggling to create a Jewish government in the Palestinian area of the Ottoman Kingdom….”

In response to protests from Amb. Morgenthau and the German government, Constantinople reversed the deportation order and Bahaeddin was removed from his post. According to Prof. Auron, the condition of the Jewish settlers could have been much worse had it not been for “the influence of world Jewry on Turkish policy…. The American, German, and Austrian Jewish communities succeeded in restraining some of its harsher aspects. Decrees were softened; overly zealous Turkish commanders were replaced and periods of calm followed the times of distress.”

Back in 1913, Pres. Wilson had instructed Amb. Morgenthau upon his appointment: “‘Remember that anything you can do to improve the lot of your co-religionists is an act that will reflect credit upon America, and you may count on the full power of the Administration to back you up.’ Morgenthau followed this advice faithfully,” according to Isaiah Friedman’s book, “Germany, Turkey and Zionism: 1897-1918.” After arranging for the delivery of much needed funds from American Jews to Jaffa, Morgenthau wrote to Arthur Ruppen, director of the Palestine Development Association: “I have been the chosen weapon to take up the defense of my co-religionists….”

In spring 1917, the Turkish authorities issued a second order to deport 5,000 Jews from Tel Aviv. Aaron Aaronsohn, leader of the Nili group – a small Jewish underground organization in Palestine working for British intelligence – immediately disseminated the news of the deportation to the international media. Aaronsohn secretly met with British diplomat Mark Sykes in Egypt and through him sent an urgent message to London on April 28, 1917: “Tel Aviv has been sacked. 10,000 Jews in Palestine are now without home or food. Whole of Yishuv [Jewish settlements in Palestine] is threatened with destruction. Jamal [Pasha] has publicly stated Armenian policy will now be applied to Jews.”

Upon receiving Aaronsohn’s reports from Palestine, Chaim Weizmann, a key pro-British Zionist in London, transmitted the following message to Zionist leaders in various European capitals: “Jamal Pasha openly declared that the joy of Jews at the approach of British troops would be short lived as he would them share the fate of the Armenians…. Jamal Pasha is too cunning to order cold-blooded massacres. His method is to drive the population to starvation and death by thirst, epidemics, etc….”

American Jews were outraged hearing of the deportations in Palestine. News reports were issued throughout Western countries on “Turkish intentions to exterminate the Jews in Palestine,” according to Prof. Auron. Moreover, influential Jewish businessmen in Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire demanded that their governments pressure Turkish leaders to abandon their plans to deport Jews. Jamal Pasha was finally forced to rescind the expulsion order and provided food and medical assistance to Jewish refugees in Tel Aviv.

(To be continued)

Discussion Policy

Comments are welcomed and encouraged. Though you are fully responsible for the content you post, comments that include profanity, personal attacks or other inappropriate material will not be permitted. Asbarez reserves the right to block users who violate any of our posting standards and policies.


  1. Kevork said:

    How does all this figure into the notion that the Donmeh Turks aka Young Turks who did the Armenian Genocide were mostly of Jewish origin. And that today, the Jewish lobbies actively are involved in denying the Armenian Genocide, and working with Turks intimately to make sure recognition of the Armenian Genocide does not succeed in the USA?

  2. Hannibal said:

    If young turks were mostly jews(their leaders) so why should they plan to do so against jews?
    It seems strange to me.

  3. Hrant K. said:

    How synnical, The trio Young Turks: Talat, Enver and Jemal “pashas”(murderers as well as criminals against mankind, who got their deserving death punishments later on by their victims) were Doenme Turks, i.e. “jews-covered up as moslem turks”. How could Jemal pasha order the deportation or starvation of jews from Palestine, who were his own kind?
    All 3 above used to pretend to pray in mosques during daytime, and at night at home, they used to wear
    their kippas and read the Torah!!! Those old-rotten tricks have become obsolete and disgusting!!!
    Reading between the lines is more imperative than reading the lines themselves!!

  4. GT said:

    Why is this article equating Armenians in Turkey with Zionist SETTLERS?

  5. GT said:

    The focus on Zionist SETTLERS is doubly disappointing because it simultaneously ignores native Jews completely, those who were not involved in Zionist colonial project.

  6. Jack said:

    The Turks were capable of exterminating the Armenians and not Jews because the Committee for Union and Progress (Young Turks) had leaders who were crypto-Jews. This is not some conspiracy theory or anti-semitism. It is historical fact when you research it. Connect the dots with Jews spreading hatred towards Armenians for centuries, and modern Jewish efforts to thwart any progress of Armenian Genocide recognition, and you will be closer to reality than the illusion of Jewish-Armenian friendship.

  7. Manoug Hagopian said:

    Very informative article. I look forward to learn more from the author.

  8. H. Boghossian said:

    If the Jews were all so powerful during WW1, why could they have not prevented their Holocaust 35 years later?

  9. Sarkis said:

    Impressive comments on this article. Good job everyone pointing out the fact that the Young Turks were from top to bottom Masonic Jews connected with the west. The same can also be said about the early Bolshevik leaders as well, the ones which toppled the Czar in Russia and then proceeded with unbelievable levels of destruction and insanity until Stalin killed the old guard off in the late 1940s. This unique group of people altogether caused more death and destruction for Armenia than the Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Mongols and Seljuks combined.

  10. Michael Galak said:

    I am astonished that Armenians, whom I have always believed to be rational people could express such a delusional anti-Semitism. If you,gentlemen, could believe this drivel you could believe anything. Why don’t you take your collective brains out of deep freeze and start thinking again? Then we can talk.

  11. john baker said:

    umm, allied powers – England?? You mean United Kingdom or Great Britain. I am sure those Welsh, Scottish, and Irish soldiers contributed…