UN Security Council Supports Cyprus; Single Sovereignty

NICOSIA (CNA–BRTK)–The UN Security Council passed a resolution on Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s mission of good offices in Cyprus reaffirming the Council’s position that a Cyprus settlement must be based on a state of Cyprus with a single sovereignty.

In resolution 1179 (1998)–passed unanimously Monday night–the Security Council reaffirmed all its earlier resolutions and its position that "a Cyprus settlement must be based on a state of Cyprus with a single sovereignty and international personality–and a single citizenship."

The independence and territorial integrity of the state of Cyprus–comprising two politically equal communities "in a bi-communal–bi-zonal federation," must be safeguarded–the Security Council noted.

Such a settlement "must exclude union in whole or in part with any other country or any form of partition or secession," it continued.

The Security Council called "once more upon all states to respect the sovereignty–independence–and territorial integrity of the Republic of Cyprus and requests them–along with the parties concerned–to refrain from any action which might prejudice" that sovereignty–independence and territorial integrity.

It also called upon them to refrain from "any attempt of partition of the island or its unification with any other country."

The Security Council reiterated its growing concern that "negotiations on a comprehensive political solution have yet to make progress–despite the efforts of the Secretary-General and his Special Advisor and others in support of the UN efforts to promote a comprehensive settlement".

"The status quo is unacceptable" and negotiations on a political solution have been at an impasse for too long–the UN Security Council noted.

It stressed its full support for the Secretary-General’s mission of good offices and for the efforts of his Special Advisor "to resume a sustained process of direct negotiations aimed at achieving a comprehensive settlement on the basis of the relevant Security Council resolutions".

It also stressed "the importance of concerted efforts to work with the Secretary-General to that end".

The Security Council welcomed the intention of the Secretary-General to continue to explore possibilities that may lead "to a new momentum in this process of negotiations."

It called once again upon "the leaders of the two communities–in particular the Turkish Cypriot side–to commit themselves to this process of negotiations and to cooperate actively and constructively with the Secretary-General and his Special Advisor".

It also called upon them "to resume the direct dialogue without further delay"–and urges all states "to lend their full support to these efforts."

In its 1179 resolution–the UN Security Council called upon all parties concerned "to create a climate for reconciliation and genuine mutual confidence on both sides–and to avoid any actions which might increase tension–including through further expansion of military forces and armamen’s."

Turkish troops have been occupying 37 percent of Cyprus territory since 1974–in violation of repeated UN resolutions calling for their withdrawal.

According to BRTK–President of Turkey Suleyman Demirel is to visit Cyprus on July 20–marking the anniversary of the Turkish invasion of the island.

Deputy Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit–National Defense Minister Ismet Sezgin–State Ministers Husamettin Ozkan and Sukru Sina Gurel–Foreign Minister Ismail Cem–Chairman of Turkish Parliament Foreign Relations Commission Murat Karayalcin–Deputy Chief of the General Staff Cevik Bir–Head of the Cyprus-Greek Department at the General Staff Adm. Mustafa Ozbey–and numerous high-ranking officers–diplomats–and officials will accompany Demirel.

This Turkish landing will be the biggest visit ever from Turkey to Cyprus.

The private plane to carry Demirel and the Turkish Airlines planes to carry the delegation will be escorted by armed Turkish Air Force jets "against a possible Greek harassment," BRTK claimed.

During the visit the message will be conveyed that "`Turkey will always be on the side of the Turkish people on the island." It will also be stressed that Ankara will never make concessions over its strategic interests in Cyprus and East Mediterranean.

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