Armen Yeghiazarian Urges Concept of Building An Effective State

YEREVAN (Noyan Tapan)–"We should aspire to build up an effective state the model of which has been successfully realized in developed countries. To successfully implement economic reforms–the task of developing a concept of building up an effective state should be set up in Armenia," Chairman of the Parliamentary Standing Committee for Finance and Credit–Budget and Economic Issues Armen Yeghiazarian said at a meeting with journalists Friday.

He expressed regret that at the very beginning–when the country gained independence the ruling elite (including himself) was of the opinion that the people’s way of thinking and the state itself will change as the market relations develop i.e. they were counting on the "automatic" settlement of all problems whereas proper mechanisms were to be developed for that adaptation to new conditions.

Yeghiazarian pointed out a danger of "falling into certain traps" during the transition. The first of them is the test for survival in heavy conditions: "to throw everybody into water–and it is up to them how to swim out." Being trapped like this–according to him–can lead to sliding down to the level of the so-called "minimal" states whose model is based on instability and utmost social vulnerability. The second kind of trap implies the state’s assuming commitmen’s beyond its capabilities–which leads to a crisis. In Armenia–the speaker said–we’ve fallen into "the third trap and think that we can change something without doing anything."

Yeghiazarian stressed that the social protectibility principle should be followed to develop a concept of an effective state. Any economic reforms must not worsen the population’s social conditions. But at present–it is the population that "bears the full brunt" of the economic reforms.

Yeghiazarian said that one of the main problems in creating an effective state system is the current model of government services. He pointed out the need for substituting this model–which makes middle and lower officials vulnerable if a change of power takes place. He urged to develop mechanisms of protecting such officials.

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