International Transportation Laws Unfavorable in Armenia

YEREVAN (Noyan Tapan)–Within one year after Armenia’s accession into the Convention on International Cargo Shipmen’s TIR–Armenia added 11 authorized persons (32 vehicles) to its team. According to Deputy Chairman of the Union of International Shipmen’s of Armenia–Herbert Hambartsumian–they were issued corresponding certificates for the realization of international shipmen’s–42 documen’s of the TIR system were already issued.

Calling this indicator unsatisfactory–Hambartsumian said that one of the reasons is that Armenia is not a member of the conference of transportation ministers of Europe. Turkey and Azerbaijan are blocking Armenia’s efforts to become a member of this organization. This is also the reason why investors refuse to set up companies on joint shipmen’s in our country. Membership in the conference enables the conveyers of the member country to enter the territory of the participating countries without any special permit.

Despite the fact that shipmen’s realized via the TIR system streamline customs procedures in territories of 10 countries included in this system–cases of extortion were recently reported in Georgia and in the Stavrapol territory of Russia. According to the TIR rules–joint efforts to eliminate such cases are mandatory for each member.

Touching upon the issue of Armenia’s legislation dealing with international cargo shipmen’s–Hambartsumian said that it leaves much to be desired. No restrictions are set in relation to foreign cargo shippers–as a result of which local conveyers find themselves in unequal conditions of competition. In particular–shippers from other countries who import their cargo to Armenia may take homeward cargo with them upon return without any additional permission. In similar cases–a law concerning return cargo is applied in Georgia. Under the law–non-residents must have a special permit for the conveyance of the return cargo or pay a state duty of $400. For crossing Georgia’s border–cargo shippers must pay about $20. A truck that arrives in Azerbaijan from another country has the right to remain in the country only one day. A state duty has to be paid for each additional day the truck is in Azerbaijan.

Besides shortcomings in legislation–Hambartsumian said that another factor that obstructs the development of international cargo shipmen’s in Armenia is the Armenia’s corgo trucks’ technical parameters do not correspond to international standards.

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