Georgia has No Right to Javakhk, Says Expert

YEREVAN (Combined Sources)–Present-day Georgia has no right to Javakhk, since there is no agreement on state border was signed between Armenia and Georgia after the two countries fought for control of Javakhk in 1918, said historian and international law expert Ara Papyan.

"The issue of borders in the South Caucasus should be resolved on the basis of international law, through implementation of the Woodrow Wilson’s proposed map of Armenia and the principles proposed by the League of Nations on February 24, 1920," he said.

"Decisions of the Communist Party’s Central Committee on Karabakh and Javakhk should not determine Armenia’s borders with Georgia and Azerbaijan,” said Papyan, adding that current “leaders of Georgia view the Soviet-era as period of foreign occupation."

Papyan explained that if the Versailles Peace conference decision on Armenia are questioned by any entity or individual that would mean that the entire legal and political system of Europe and the Middle East were being questioned or doubted.

"A special commission dealing with the problem of Armenian borders said in its report that all territorial disputes should be considered by the League of Nations. Javakhk’s annexation to Georgia was a result of occupation regime," Papyan said.

The Armenian-Georgian war for Javakhk started on December 5, 1918 and was stopped after British interference on December 31. An agreement signed in Tbilisi in January 1919 stated that the northern part of Borchalinsky region was part of Georgia, while the southern segment was to be part of Armenia, with Lori and Zangezur were dedicated a "neutral zone" and fell under British control.

After the establishment of Soviet rule, the Javakhk issue was raised again. The overwhelming majority of the province supported joining Armenia. A final decision was taken at the plenary session of the Caucasus Bureau and was forwarded to consideration of the Georgian Communist Party’s Central Committee, which decreed that "taking into account Akhalkalak’s political and economic ties with Tiflis, the proposals of our Armenian comrades is unacceptable."

After the end of World War I, Armenia and Turkey signed the Treaty of Sevres which envisioned Armenia’s commitment to Woodrow Wilson’s proposed borders with Turkey, Georgia and Azerbaijan. According to the treaty, Armenia was supposed to get the Armenian-inhabited Transcaucasian regions, thus bringing its territory to 110,000 kilometers.

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