Israel Can No Longer Ignore The Existence of the First Holocaust

Recognition of the Armenian genocide is a paramount moral and educational act

BY ROBERT FISK
Renowned author and journalist, Robert Fisk, on Saturday penned a powerful piece in the United Kingdom-based Independent Newspaper calling on Israel to once and for all recognize the Armenian Genocide and end its longstanding complicity of Turkey’s denial of the crime. We present his article in its entirety to our readers.

While Israelis commemorated the second Holocaust of the 20th century this week, I was in the Gulbenkian library in Jerusalem, holding the printed and handwritten records of the victims of the century’s first Holocaust. It was a strange sensation.

The Armenians were not participating in Israel’s official ceremonies to remember the six million Jewish dead, murdered by the Germans between 1939 and 1945, perhaps because Israel officially refuses to acknowledge that Armenia’s million and a half dead of 1915-1923 were victims of a Turkish Holocaust. Israeli-Turkish diplomatic and military relations are more important than genocide. Or were.

George Hintlian, historian and prominent member of Jerusalem’s 2,000-strong Armenian community in Jerusalem, pointed out the posters a few metres from the 1,500-year old Armenian monastery. They advertised Armenia’s 24 April commemorations. All but one had been defaced, torn from the ancient walls or, in at least one case, spraypainted with graffiti in Hebrew. “Maybe they don’t like it that there was another genocide,” George told me. “These are things we can’t explain.” More than 70 members of George’s family were murdered in the butchery and death marches of 1915 – when German officers witnessed the system of executions, rail-car deportations to cholera camps and asphyxiation by smoke in caves – the world’s first “gas” chambers. One witness, the German vice-consul in Erzurum, Max von Scheubner-Richter, ended up as one of Hitler’s closest friends and advisers. It’s not as if there’s no connection between the first and second Holocausts.

But the times, they are a-changing. For ever since Turkey began shouting about Israel’s slaughter of Palestinians in Gaza a year ago, prominent Israeli figures have suddenly rediscovered the Armenian genocide. Who are the Turks to talk about mass murder? Has anyone forgotten 1915? For George and his compatriots – there are in all 10,000 Armenians in Israel and the occupied West Bank, 4,000 of them holding Israeli passports – they had indeed been forgotten until the Gaza war. “In 1982, the Armenians were left out of a Holocaust conference in Jerusalem,” he said. “For three decades, no documentary on the Armenian genocide could be shown on Israeli television because it would offend the Turks. Then suddenly last year, important Israelis demanded that a documentary be shown. Thirty Knesset members supported us. We always had Yossi Sarid of Peace Now but now we’ve got right-wing Israelis.”

Maariv and Yediot Ahronot began to mention the Armenian genocide and George Hintlian turned up on Israeli television with Danny Ayalon – the foreign office minister who humiliated the Turkish ambassador by forcing him to sit on a sofa below him – and Knesset speaker Reuven Rivlin who said that Israel should commemorate the Armenian genocide “every year”. The Israeli press now calls the Armenian genocide a “Shoah” – the same word all Israelis use for the Jewish Holocaust. As George put it with withering accuracy: “We have been upgraded!!!”

This piece of brash hypocrisy has not gone unnoticed by Yossi Sarid who has described how, a few months after Recep Tayyip Erdogan denounced the Gaza war, “an important Israeli personality telephoned me and said the following: ‘Now you have to hit back at the Turks, to denounce them for the crimes they committed against the Armenians You, Yossi, have the right to do so…'” Sarid was appalled. “I was filled with revulsion and my soul wanted to puke,” he wrote in Haaretz. “The person who telephoned me was an example of the ugly Israeli who had disgracefully been at the forefront of those who denied the Armenian Holocaust.” So now “new tunes” – Sarid’s phrase – are being heard in Jerusalem: “The Turks are the last ones who have the right to teach us ethics.”

The bright side to this anguished debate is that one of Israel’s top Holocaust experts bravely insisted – to the fury of then-foreign minister (now president) Shimon Peres – that the Armenian massacres were undoubtedly a genocide. Tens of thousands of Israelis have always believed the same; several hundred are expected to turn up at the Armenian commemoration on 24 April, and most Israelis refer to the Armenian genocide as a “Shoah” rather than the tame “massacres” hitherto favoured by the political elite.
Yet the most extraordinary irony of all occurred when the Armenian and Turkish governments last year agreed to reopen diplomatic relations and consign the Armenian Holocaust to a joint academic enquiry which would decide “if” there had been a genocide. As Israeli Professor Yair Oron of the Open University of Israel said, “I am afraid that countries will now hesitate to recognise the (Armenian) genocide. They will say: ‘Why should we grant recognition if the Armenians yielded?’ Recognition of the Armenian genocide is a paramount moral and educational act. We in Israel are obliged to recognise it.” And American-Armenian UCLA Professor Richard Hovannisian asked: “Would the Jewish people be willing to forgo the memory of the Holocaust for the sake of good relations with Germany, if Germany were to make that demand?” George Hintlian described the Armenian-Turkish agreement – which in fact may not now be ratified by either side – as “like an earthquake”.

We walked together in the cold afternoon through the darkened interior of the great Armenian monastery of Jerusalem with its icons and candles. George opened a cabinet to reveal a hidden staircase up which priests would creep for a secret week when invaders passed through Jerusalem. In this dank, pious place, Ronald Henry Amhurst Storrs, governor of British Mandate Jerusalem, would often sit to ponder what he called “the glory and the misery of a people”.

Miserable it has been for thousands of Armenians here. Up to 15,000 lived in Palestine until 1948, many of them survivors of the first Holocaust. But 10,000 of these Armenians shared the same fate as the Palestinian Arabs, fleeing or driven from their homes by the army of the new Israeli state. Most lost their businesses in Haifa and Jaffa, many of them seeking refuge – for the second time – in Jerusalem. A few set out for Cyprus where they were dispossessed for the third time by the 1974 Turkish invasion. As George put it bleakly, “Today, 6,000 Armenians are residents of Jerusalem and the West Bank. They cannot travel and they are counted as Armenian Palestinians. For Israeli bureaucracy, they are Palestinians.”

George himself is the son of Garbis Hintlian who, as a 17-year-old, survived the death march from his home at Talas in Cappadocia. “We lost my uncle – my grandfather was axed to death in front of him.” After the 1918 armistice, he worked for the British, carrying files of evidence to the initial (but quickly abandoned) Constantinople trials of Turkish war criminals. To no avail.

And glory be, if the tables haven’t changed again! Turkey and Israel have made up and become good friends again. Yossi Sarid anticipated this. “Let us assume that Turkey will renew its ties with Israel. Then what? What then? Will we also renew our
contribution to the denial of the Armenian Holocaust?”

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13 Comments

  1. Dikran said:

    I respectfully disagree Mr. Fisk.
    Justice for the Armenian Genocide is a “paramount moral and educational act” but more importantly a stronger preventative measure against future genocides.

  2. manooshag said:

    Hye, any alliance with a Turkey?  For how long and whenever the Turk withdraws… it shall end.
    What a silly and immature nation – leading all the other highly civilized nations about – with rings in their noses… and their tails between their legs!
    Nearly comical if it was not that it is the  saddest state of the world’s leaders being ‘used’ by the bullies in Turkey – and none seems angered, annoyed, disgusted, discrminated against, and more…  Does a Turkey have a ‘hold’ on these intelligent civilized leaders of nations?  They are a devious and dishonest people – paying millions and millions to deny their Genocide of the Armenian nation all these years…  And yet, not able to complete any alliance – even with Israel.
    Manooshag

    Manoooshag

  3. Sylva-MD-Poetry said:

    Dear Robert Fisk,

    You Are a Real Human
    With Honest Maternal Genes.

    Your Brave Voice
    Will chant forever, 
    Hence it can enter numerous cruel ears.

    Those… continue  suppressing deliberately
    Their Auditory nerves, not to hear any honest phrase
    Even from ‘Clever Dears’.

    After all, who defined  word Genocide… 
    Wasn’t he A Jewish Lawyer Robert Lemkin*
    God bless his clever genes. 

    Honest Jews are irreplaceable literates
    Who controls new land called Israel are called Jews–
    Are from every where,
    Dishonesty exist in their DNAs.

    No one will change Dishonest Populace
    Accept honest people like you
    Who thrive to write ‘Prosated History ** that will chant forever.

    Sylva-MD-Poetry
    February 2, 2010
    _______________________________________
    Please R.Fisk correct  before finalizing,
    As my mother tongue is not English.
    ————————————————
    * Raphael Lemkin( 1900-1959), He was interested in Greek , Assyrian and Armenian genocides.
    * Prosated: lyric from prose, I always intent to invent new glossary,
    ” Who can not invent can’t be a poet”

  4. immortal Souls of western Armenia risen said:

    if there is any way possible for Israel to recognize the Armenian Holocaust they should immediately, for their own sake to save whatever is left of their face. for the sake of Israeli people and the American Jews.

  5. Zareh said:

    If there is one thing that Mr. Fisk teaches us is perseverance. This gentleman does not shy away from expressing himself fully and unequivocally. His approach to the Armenian genocide issue, or as he calls “Armenian Holocaust”, puts many Armenians to shame who shy away form “offending” today’s Turks and choose a more politically correct (read:scared) way of addressing this criminal issue of all time.
    Thank you Mr. Fisk

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  7. satenik said:

    Thank you Mr. Fisk. You put so many into shame. Israel should recognise the Armenian Genocide  otherwise what is to say that the Israelis are better than the Turks? Why this silence? You only read about the Armenian Genocide in the Israeli newspapers when they have fallen out of “love” with the Turks!

  8. Alex Postallian said:

    In response,and again, I repeat etc, etc etc. 70% of the turks are ILLITERATE..You cant respond to them on a intelligent level: you have to step way down in the gutter to communicate!!! Yet who wants to,except people? who are like them…

  9. Samvel.S said:

    Tragedies and victories of nations then are used by politicians for their own profits. In this regard states’ interests cannot be evaluated moral or immoral. Regardless of common knowledge of Armenian, Jewish or any other genocides states’ stand can be different based on where they stand on the frontline of local or global confrontations. Even official recognition of genocides (this or other) are politically motivated and not morally. My point is: if we, as Armenians, have this opportunity to expand our political campaign to surrender turkey for its barbaric actions (we always take the yeghern as moral, internally) we must use it and do it. The game outside of our grief is too ugly and we must learn how to play that game.  

  10. jachik said:

    I am utterly bamboozled that our unspeakable tragedy, terror, and genocide requires  the rubber stamping of the Israeli government for ” approval”.  As if our genocide was a parcel of meat, to be sanctified by the rabbis as ” kosher” .   What a burlesque spectacle. And if the Israely  establishment insists in its negationist posture ? ,  life returns back to normal.  It is the Armenian government’s   inescapable  duty before history to beat up the drums for the acknowledgment of the genocide, instead of  playing  ” protocols”  with the turks. 

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