Remembering Aram Manoukian: Revolutionary, National Hero, and Founding Father

YEREVAN (Yerkir Media)–January 29 marked the 92nd anniversary of the death of ARF revolutionary and Armenian national hero Aram Manoukian.

Manoukian, considered the founding father of the first Republic of Armenia, was born in 1879 in the village of Zeyva (modern day Davit-Bek) in Ghapan.

He joined the Armenian Revolutionary Federation at an early age and in 1903 became involved in the ARF-led defense of Gandzak and Kars.

Between 1912 and 1915, Manoukian lived in Van as an ARF activist, teaching at schools, writing in the press, and encouraging Armenian youth to organize. When World War I broke out in 1915, he led the successful “Resistance of Van.” In 1918, he helped organize Armenians to defend against a Turkish invasion in the Battle of Sardarabad.

Also known as “Aram of Van,” Manoukian was a unique individual and statesman who endured the hardships of his people alongside them.

As the first Interior Minister of the Democratic Republic of Armenia, Manoukian lived alongside the people and personally visited the refugee camps where he was infected with typhus by survivors of the Armenian Genocide.

He died from the disease on January 29, 1919.

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