European Court Orders Turkey to Pay Cyprus over Invasion

Cyprus has been a member state of the European Union since 2004

ISTANBUL (AP)—Europe’s top human rights court in its largest ever judgment ordered Turkey on Monday to pay 90 million euros ($123 million) to Cyprus for its 1974 invasion and the island’s subsequent division.

The decision from the European Court of Human Rights said the passage of time did not erase Turkey’s responsibility in the case, ruling that Turkey must pay 30 million euros in damages to relatives of those missing in the operations and 60 million euros for “the enclaved Greek-Cypriot residents of the Karpas peninsula.”

Hundreds of Greek Cypriots still live in the Karpas peninsula in the northernmost tip of the breakaway Turkish Cypriot part of the island.

Cyprus has been divided since Turkey invaded in 1974 after a coup by supporters of union with Greece. Only Turkey recognizes the breakaway Turkish Cypriot state that was proclaimed in the north of the island.

The judgment comes as the Turkish and Greek Cypriot communities are making a new effort to reunite the island.

Speaking ahead of the ruling on Monday, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu warned that a judgment against Turkey would come at a delicate time and said that he viewed it as “neither binding nor of any value.”

“Not only is it legally problematic, its timing is wrong,” Davutoglu said.

The court said it would be up to the government of Cyprus to determine how to award the damages. Turkey has not always complied with the court’s rulings.

In a 1998 ruling, the Strasbourg court ordered Turkey to pay Titina Loizidou compensation for depriving her of property in the seaside city of Kyrenia. It was the first case in which a Greek Cypriot successfully sued Turkey over the invasion and earned the right to compensation.

Turkey paid the money in 2003, but has yet to comply with an earlier European Court decision ordering Ankara to allow Loizidou to reclaim her property.

Analysts noted that the case was notable not only because of its size, but also because it took Turkey to task for the invasion and awarded the money to Cyprus on behalf of individuals, a sensitive point that could affect current reunification talks.

“The big question is how the decision will affect the negotiations that are the most promising ever. It could put the talks into difficulty,” said Cengiz Aktar, an analyst on Turkey-EU affairs at the Istanbul Policy Center.

Achilleas Demetriades, a prominent human rights lawyer in Cyprus, who has won several cases in the European Court involving Turkey, said that the judgment pertains to Turkey’s failure to carry out an effective investigation of the whereabouts of Greek Cypriots who disappeared during and after the invasion of the island, and to provide that information to relatives of the missing.

The European Court of Human Rights most recently made news when it deemed, through a verdict, that public denial of the Armenian Genocide does not constitute a crime in Europe, contradicting several European laws that criminalize the public denial of the Armenian Genocide as with similar laws regarding the Jewish Holocaust. The Swiss government has since then appealed the Court’s decision amid public backlash.


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  1. Hratch said:

    It does not matter if they actually pay or not, what matters is that the ruling will enter the history books. Davutoglu can dismiss it as much as he likes, but the fact is that this will create precedent for future cases.

  2. Vindicated Man said:

    That’s a ridiculous amount, must be hundreds of billion, plus the land and property back. Something is wrong there.

  3. GT said:

    The amount is small because it was only dealing with the small remaining Greek enclave in the Karpas pensinsula, and the missing/killed in the actual operation. Because that’s how law works, it judges the SPECIFIC case brought before it, not aspects for which evidence and law was not argued, for or against. This case does not preclude other cases dealing with broader issues, but neither does it stand in for a case deaing with larger issues.

    They really should have depositioned the Turkish General who several years ago admitted the Turkish Army staged attacks on mosques as a provocation to justify the operation, stating there was no such real justification but only drama created for the purpose. That would be even better to have on the legal record.

  4. GT said:

    What is most ridiculous, after creating their puppet “independent” state in the north from land that never had a turkish majority to begin with (it was just conveniently closer to turkey), now that there is gas in the south’s EEZ, they suddenly claim a right to that… A right that makes no sense if northern cyprus is it’s own independent country with it’s own territory and EEZ based on that. They literally protest Greek Cyprus acting 100% WITHIN the bounds of the solution that Turkey imposed.

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