Turkish Preconditions Should be Countered by Armenian Preconditions

Columnist Harut Sassounian
Harut Sassounian

Harut Sassounian


Armenia’s Acting Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan announced last week that his government is ready to establish diplomatic relations with Turkey, however, without any preconditions.

This announcement came as a surprise to most Armenians who were hoping that Pashinyan will not repeat the mistake of former President Serzh Sarkisian who advocated for 10 years the ratification of the Armenia-Turkey Protocols which were intended to establish diplomatic relations between the two countries and open their mutual border. However, the Protocols included a number of unrelated issues such as the establishment of a historic commission to study the Armenian Genocide. The Turkish government, under pressure from Azerbaijan, demanded that Armenia first make territorial concessions on the Artsakh conflict before ratifying the Protocols. Pres. Serzh Sargsyan was forced to reject this precondition and annulled the Protocols earlier this year.

The proposed Protocols had created a major dispute between the previous Armenian government and most Armenians worldwide. After coming to power in May of this year, Pashinyan repeatedly announced that he would focus on resolving Armenia’s internal problems such as bribery and corruption, and would not change the country’s foreign policy. Hence Pashinyan’s recent announcement that Armenia is ready to establish diplomatic relations with Turkey without preconditions is simply the continuation of the previous government’s position.

Back in September of 2018 when Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was visiting Baku, he repeated once again his preconditions for establishing relations with Armenia: “We want good relations with our neighbors but solving the Karabakh problem is the absolute precondition for Turkey to improve ties with Armenia.” Erdogan also mentioned his opposition to Armenia’s pursuit of the international recognition of the Armenian Genocide. On Dec. 11, 2018, an Erdogan spokesman repeated the Turkish preconditions once again in response to Pashinyan’s suggestion.

It is ironic that instead of Armenia putting preconditions on Turkey before agreeing to establish diplomatic relations, Turkey is the one demanding that Armenia comply with its preconditions. One would think that Armenians as victims of Turkish barbaric mass killings would be demanding that before establishing relations, Turkey acknowledge the Armenian Genocide and make adequate restitution for the enormous human and material losses! Such preconditions on Turkey are a trump card in the hands of Armenians which they should use as a bargaining chip.

In my opinion, Armenia’s repeated begging of Turkey to establish diplomatic relations and open its border is embarrassing and reveals the Armenian side’s weakness. Furthermore, Turkey would be the one benefitting from opening its border with Armenia, inundating the country with cheap Turkish products. As it is, Armenian markets are full of Turkish products imported via Georgia to the detriment of small scale Armenian manufacturers. The opening of the border with Turkey would be the death knell for many Armenian businesses.

One reason frequently mentioned by Armenia’s officials for offering to establish relations with Turkey and open the mutual border is the hope that such a gesture would make Armenia look good in the eyes of the world and make Turkey look unfriendly and hostile by rejecting the Armenian offer.

Turkish leaders, however, never care what the world thinks of them. They act in the best interests of their country regardless of the opinions or criticisms of others. Likewise, Armenia’s leaders should defend the interests of their country without trying to appease Russia, France, United States or anyone else!

Furthermore, on an issue so vital to all Armenians worldwide, no Armenian official should make a unilateral decision on matters that relate to Turkey. This is the major mistake that was committed by Pres. Serzh Sargsyan and it is hoped that the Pashinyan government will not repeat the same mistake, at a time when Armenia’s new leaders are encouraging the integration of Diaspora Armenians in homeland affairs.

Meanwhile, Azerbaijan continues to pressure Turkey not to open its border with Armenia until the Artsakh conflict is resolved in Baku’s favor. Consequently, Presidents Ilham Aliyev of Azerbaijan and Erdogan of Turkey, by their intransigence, ironically are the ones preventing Armenia from reaching an agreement detrimental to its own interests.

On a related matter, the Turkish Anadolu News Agency falsely reported that during a meeting with Turkish journalists, the Acting Foreign Minister of Armenia Zohrab Mnatsakanyan had referred to the Armenian Genocide as “unpleasant events.”

Unfortunately, several Armenian media members reproduced the Turkish distortion of the Armenian Acting Foreign Minister’s words. Some even criticized him believing that he had in fact characterized the Armenian Genocide as “unpleasant events.”

The spokeswoman of Armenia’s Foreign Ministry, Anna Naghdalyan, set the record straight by stating that the Acting Foreign Minister had not said such a thing and that the Anadolu News Agency had misrepresented Mnatsakanyan’s words. The spokeswoman told Hay Tsayn news that Anadolu had already apologized and corrected its error.

This is yet another lesson to Armenians who give interviews to the Turkish media, expecting their statements to be accurately reported. Having followed the Turkish media for decades, I can state that those who agree to be interviewed by a Turkish journalist should be warned that their words would be distorted. Once an altered interview is published, it is too late to complain by claiming that that’s not what they had said. The best way to ensure that an Armenian’s comments are not distorted is not to give an interview to the Turkish media!

Discussion Policy

Comments are welcomed and encouraged. Though you are fully responsible for the content you post, comments that include profanity, personal attacks or other inappropriate material will not be permitted. Asbarez reserves the right to block users who violate any of our posting standards and policies.


  1. Arto said:

    The reason the Armenians offer talks with no preconditions is because the status of Artsakh is much more important the Diasporas obsession with Genocide recognition. If they can pry Turkey away from Azerbaijan, even a little, its game over on Artsakh. That was also the game plan for the Protocols. Too bad the Diaspora never understood that.

    • Harut Sassounian said:

      Arto, you have come up with a new excuse to support the Protocols! Armenia’s leaders never thought that the Protocols will pry Turkey away from Azerbaijan. I have spent countless hours with Pres. Sargsyan and Foreign Minister Nalbandian arguing against the Protocols. They never told me that the purpose of the Protocols is to pry Turkey away from Azerbaijan. They simply wanted to open the border. The bottom line is that for 10 years Turkey refused to ratify the Protocols. So much for splitting Turkey from Azerbaijan. If that did not work for 10 years, why would we try it again? It makes no sense. We have to stop hitting our heads to the wall thinking that the wall will break! Ridiculous. One more thing. Please don’t compare genocide recognition with Artsakh. It is not one or the other. We can do both at the same. Can you walk and chew gum at the same time?

      • Arto said:

        Harut, let me ask you a theoretical question and please don’t skirt the question by telling me we can have both. Which is the most important issue right now for the survival and well being of the Armenian nation. Settlement of Artsakh or Genocide recogntion?

    • Jacque said:

      We understand that Armenians in Armenia don’t give a rat ass about Armenians in the diaspora, nor about the Genocide, but they should also know that Armenia without the strength of its diaspora it’s a sitting duck between Turkey and Azerbaijan and at the merci of Russia.
      Therefore a strong Armenia is in a united Armenians all over the world.
      Don’t forget only about 3 million Armenians live in Armenia, yet ther are probably over 6 million Armenians all over the globe.
      Armenia should think about that before throwing the diaspora under the bus and get in bed with Turkey.
      Preconditions are the only smart way to shut Turkey up and get back our dignity and respect as a nation.

  2. Artin said:

    It’s absolutely shameful! I am sure many Armenians would agree, not only do we not need Turkey nor Azerbaijan, but it’s actually better if we dont have relations with them. If we did, muslims would flood our borders, our culture wouldn’t stay pure, cheap Turkish goods would flood our economy killing Armenian producers, farmers & growers, & we would ONCE AGAIN be at the mercy of these turkic thugs. I say, we shut them out forever. I dont want their friendship nor their trade. I want genocide recognition, because I want my land back. I dont need their “Im sorry”s.

  3. State of Emergency said:

    Preconditions are reserved for Russia only. Armenia can not move an inch without prior clearance from its mentor. Armenia is merely a Russian outpost taking it on the chin. No amount of sugar-coating can change obvious facts. Pashinyan is merely a controlled-opposition figure who will do as he’s told and when he’s told. Nothing more, nothing less.

  4. Ardziv said:

    Agreed with commentary. Pashinian is on the road to cede land in exchange for a fake artificial peace ,with the Turks. It is a weak position to be in when the Turks will manipulate the interchange of the transactions. Pashinian is a mob rouser , not a natural leader. He is surrounded by amateur politicians whose only mission in life is to turf out the old guard and replaced them . Politics and grand politics its a domain for statesmen, not for a rabble rouser and scandal monger ex journalists like pashinian.

    • State of Emergency said:

      You’re giving him too much credit. Pashinyan is merely a controlled-opposition figure.

  5. Mike Sarian said:

    I agree with Harut, we don’t need to beg Turkey to open the borders! I know there are economic benefits for opening the borders but the national costs are higher than the economic benefits. In return of opening the borders Turkey wants Artsakh to be given to Azerbaijan!
    The hell with economic benefits! national interests should be higher calling.

  6. mgl said:

    If Pasha will repeat the same as his patron Levon the Traitor, he will be kicked out very far from Armenia. Hope, he is smart enough to be a real patriot not just a BS politician.

  7. joe said:

    I agree..How can there be true friendship, dialogue and an honest relationship without an acknowledgement, apology and restitution for the massive crime of genocide. These are pipe dreams however as the Turkish government will never allow that. They would rather rid every Armenian from the Caucasus first. That’s why Armenian unity, a strong potent army and a persistent pursuit of justice is the only answer..

  8. Raffi said:

    NOT having relations with Turkey is a natural defence against Muslim invasion of Armenia, and should stay that way until Armenians claims are met.