European Parliament Discusses Anti-Armenian Pogroms in Baku

EP Anti-Arm Pogroms1 feat photo

BRUSSELS—Member of European Parliament from Cyprus Costas Mavrides hosted a conference on Wednesday titled “The forgotten refugees: What Happened to the Armenians of Baku?” in the European Parliament. The conference was co-organized by the European Armenian Federation for Justice and Democracy and the Mission of the Republic of Armenia to the European Union.

The keynote speakers were British humanitarian Life Peer, former deputy speaker of the House of Lords Baroness Caroline Cox, eye-witnesses Anna Astvatsaturian Turcotte, an American-Armenian author and human rights advocate, as well as David Babaev, a lecturer at Université Libre de Bruxelles. The latter are both survivors of the Baku pogroms.

In attendance were Members of the European Parliament, European Parliament advisers, students, representatives of the civil society and missions of various EU member states, as well as Belgian citizens who are survivors of Baku pogroms.

In his opening remark, EAFJD President Kaspar Karampetian welcomed the participants and emphasized the importance of addressing the issue of the anti-Armenian pogroms, in particular in the premises of the house of European democracy. “In its resolutions of 1990, the European Parliament unequivocally condemned the pogroms perpetrated against the Armenians by the Azerbaijani authorities, namely in Sumgait, Kirovabad, and Baku,” stated Karampetian.

Member of European Parliament Costas Mavrides announced that he had decided to host the event, because of his own experience as a child who had to flee for his life after the Turkish invasion in Northern Cyprus in 1974, among other reasons. “Remembrance is not about revenge but forgetting is unforgivable because it would lead us to the same crimes,” emphasized Mavrides.

From left: President of EAFJD Kaspar Karampetian,  Tatoul Markarian, MEP Costas Mavrides, Heghine Evinyan, Daroness Caroline Cox, Anna Astvatsaturian Turcotte, and David Babaev

From left: President of EAFJD Kaspar Karampetian, Tatoul Markarian, MEP Costas Mavrides, Heghine Evinyan, Daroness Caroline Cox, Anna Astvatsaturian Turcotte, and David Babaev

His Excellency the Ambassador of Armenia Tatoul Markarian reminded attendees that the anti-Armenian massacres in Azerbaijan were the first mass killings and ethnic cleansings in the post-Cold War Europe.

During their testimonies, Astvatsaturian Turcotte and Babaev shared their personal stories and what they witnessed as refugees fleeing Baku. “We spent months hiding in our apartment, hoping that the violence against Armenians would end. But it never ended. We left everything behind and fled. We barely escaped, but we survived. Many of our neighbors and family friends were not so lucky,” said Astvatsaturian Turcotte. Babaev underlined that the killings and pogroms in Sumgait and Baku had not come out of thin air, noting that the ground was already fertile. “These atrocities: violence, intimidation, rape, murder and burning people alive should not stay unpunished,” remarked Babaev.

The Baroness Caroline Cox pointed out that the genocide of Armenians continued in Baku, Sumgait, and Nagorno-Karabakh, and needs to be recognized so that it does not continue with impunity.

The guest speakers stressed that the Azerbaijani authorities still systematically incite and perpetuate Armenophobia as a state policy in Azerbaijan, a policy witnessed by the victims of Baku pogroms. They concluded by acknowledging the important role of the European Union as a soft power promoting dialogue, peace, and human rights.

The speeches were followed by a lively question and answer session, where the guest-speakers addressed questions asked by attendees, including Azerbaijani participants.

European Armenian Federation for Justice and Democracy


Discussion Policy

Comments are welcomed and encouraged. Though you are fully responsible for the content you post, comments that include profanity, personal attacks or other inappropriate material will not be permitted. Asbarez reserves the right to block users who violate any of our posting standards and policies.


  1. joe said:

    There is legal ramifications for people fleeing persecution and leaving their belonging for safety. These Armenians rights need to be included in ALL NEGOTIATIONS. BUILD THE Armenian Artsakh ARMY TO THE TEETH. Start a clandestine nuclear program – Indoctrinate diaspora army units to enlarge the army and resources…The eventual long term vision for all Armenians is justice and reparation and restitution.. This DOES included ridding Turks from Armenia’s ancient homeland currently occupied.. NOTHING LESS. Even if it takes hundreds of years, this should be the main goal. If not believe me, they are viewing at riding all Armenians themselves…The Armenian Genocide isn’t over…It continues today..WAKE UP!

  2. William Bush said:

    The flag of the “Republic” of Azerbaijan arrogantly sports the symbol of Islam, the star and crescent, overlying a blood red background. Islam is a racist, sexist, fascist, totalitarian ideology of hatred, lies, violence, and oppression. And every mosque is a terrorist training facility.

Leave a Reply to joe Cancel reply