Karabakh Parliament Adopts Report on Conflict History, Resolution

STEPANAKERT (ArmRadio)–The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Parliament on Tuesday adopted a report following extensive hearings on the Karabakh conflict and prospects for peace in the region. Entitled "The Karabakh Question: Prospects of Settlement," assessed the political, social and military elemen’s of the conflict and provides recommendations. The Karabakh Parliament adopted this report as an official government position and considers this Conclusion an official stance and instructed the Karabakh foreign ministry to present the report to the UN Secretary General, the OSCE Chairman-in-Office, PACE President, the governmen’s of the OSCE Minsk Group Co-Chair countries, Chairman of the European Commission, the President of the European Parliament and the EU Representative to the South Caucasus." Below is the translated text of the report: 1. The unsettled conflict between the Nagorno Karabakh Republic and the Republic of Azerbaijan differs from other conflicts on post-Soviet space with the complete actuality of the right for self-determination of the people of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. In 1918-1920 Nagorno Karabakh had a de facto independent status, and was forcefully annexed to the Soviet Republic of Azerbaijan by the 11th army of the Russian armed forces, and in 1923 it was declared the Autonomous Region of Nagorno Karabakh, the state status of which was later determined with the USSR Constitution. As of the point of dissolution of the Soviet Union, the realization of the self-determination of the people of Nagorno Karabakh was based on two essential argumen’s. First, according to Article 3 of the "Law on the procedure of settling issues connected with seceding from the United Soviet Socialistic State," in case secession of a Soviet Republic, autonomous organizations and ethnic minorities had the right to determine their future status via referendum. On October 30, 1991 Azerbaijan declared its independence. On September 2 of the same year the Autonomous Region of Nagorno Karabakh was declared a Republic together with Shahumyan region, and on December 10 a Referendum on Independence was held with participation of international observers. Second, on October 18, 1991 Azerbaijan declared invalid the Soviet agreement and the dominance of the Soviet Constitution as it refers to points on the Soviet Republic of Azerbaijan and became the descendant of the 1918-1920 Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, of which Nagorno Karabakh never comprised part either de facto, or de jure. For this very fact the annexation of Nagorno Karabakh to Azerbaijan was considered invalid. On the last days of 1991 the Soviet Union dissolved. Thus, in compliance with provisions of international law and USSR legislation, two independent and equal states — the Nagorno Karabakh Republic and the Republic of Azerbaijan — were formed on the territory of Soviet Azerbaijan. In January 1992 The Parliament of Nagorno Karabakh formed a Government and applied to all the countries of the world to recognize its independence. Thus, the declaration of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic and all further legal acts stemming from it do not contradict the declaration of Azerbaijan as an independent state, do not restrict its independence and sovereignty and do not disturb its territorial integrity. 2. From the very beginning the legal steps of Nagorno Karabakh people met Azerbaijans way of settlement of the conflict in a military way, which led to a bloody war, thousands of victims and hundreds of thousands of refugees. Getting convinced that it will not achieve its objectives in a military way, on May 12, 1994 the leadership of Azerbaijan had to sign a cease-fire treaty, of which the Nagorno Karabakh Republic is a party. Thus, as an aggressor country, Azerbaijan carries full responsibility for the sufferings and material losses of its citizens and the citizens of Nagorno Karabakh. 3. The Nagorno Karabakh Republic is a full-fledged independent state. It is resolute to continue the further deepening of the process directed at the reinforcement of democracy in the country and is ready to cooperate with international organizations interested in the defense of human rights and freedom of speech, establishment of democracy and rule of law. 4. Nagorno Karabakh is willing to participate in peace processes. The success of this process is possible if Azerbaijan respects the right for self-determination of NKR people, refuses from hostile actions against the Nagorno Karabakh Republic and assuming a corresponding responsibility before the international community. 5. The Nagorno Karabakh Republic highly appreciates the efforts of mediator countries and organizations tasked with the finding a comprehensive settlement and considers that the resolution process cannot ignore the de facto Nagorno Karabakh Republic established in the result of realization of the right for self-determination of peoples.


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