ATHENS (Athens News–Hurriyet)–Greek government yesterday welcomed the resolutions passed by the UN Security Council on the Cyprus problem–noting in particular the reference to the need for the divided island republic’s eventual demilitarization.
"These are positive references," government spokesman Dimitris Reppas said–commenting on the resolutions adopted by the UN on Monday.
The spokesman added that the international community should deal with Turkey and the Turkish Cypriots in a manner which allows the resolutions to be implemented in practice.
The reference to the importance of demilitarization was contained in a resolution renewing the mandate of the 1,230-member UN peacekeeping force in Cyprus for a further six months until the end of the year. In another resolution–the Security Council reaffirmed the Council’s position that a Cyprus settlement should be based on a state of Cyprus with a single sovereignty.
It also underlined its full support for Secretary General Kofi Annan’s efforts to reunite the island–divided since Turkey invaded in 1974 and subsequently occupied one third of its territory–as a federation.
Foreign Undersecretary Yiannos Kranidiotis also described Monday’s Security Council resolutions as "positive," stressing in particular the importance of their political aspect which refers to the need to respect the independence–sovereignty and territorial al integrity of the Cyprus Republic.
Kranidiotis said that the resolutions indirectly attributed responsibility for the breakdown in talks between the Greek- and Turkish Cypriot communities of the island with the Turkish Cypriot side.
He also welcomed the Security Council’s insistence that any settlement of the Cyprus problem should be based on the creation of one state with single sovereignty–a single international entity and single citizenship.
Kranidiotis said it was particularly positive that the resolutions came at a time when Turkey was trying to "reset" its objectives with respect to Cyprus.
"Since 1974 and until more recently–Turkey tried to promote solutions through which it could dictate its policy on Cyprus…Seeing that Cyprus’ course towards European Union accession overturned these plans–Turkey made every possible effort to impede the relevant negotiations. Now that the negotiations have commenced–what Turkey wants is partition…And in order to show that there are two independent states on Cyprus and that the peaceful co-existence of the two communities is impossible–Turkey is creating tension and undermining any attempts at rapprochement," Kranidiotis said.
He added that Turkey must now realize that the international community–the UN–the US and the EU were not willing to discuss any solution other than one based on a bizonal–bicommunal federation.
Denktash Warns UN
Northern Cyprus president Rauf Denktash reacted strongly against the resolution adopted by the UN Security Council on the extension of the Peace Force mandate on the island. Denktash stated that the Northern Cyprus government will restrict the operations of the Peace Force in Northern Cyprus in retaliation for the use of the term "Cypriot Government" for the Greek Cypriot Administration. President
Denktash pointed out that the UN has made a solution to the problem more difficult by turning a blind eye to the realities of the situation on the island. In a statement yesterday–the Turkish Foreign Ministry also protested against the declaration of the extension of the Peace Force mandate because the term "with the permission for the Cyprus government" which does not have any legal basis is used in the extension resolution.