TBILISI (RFE/RL)—His Holiness Karekin II, the Catholicos of All Armenians began on Friday a weeklong visit to Georgia which the Armenian Apostolic Church hopes will help to resolve its disputes with the Georgian government and Orthodox Church over the country’s Armenian religious heritage.
Karekin II was greeted by the Georgian Catholicos-Patriarch Ilia II and several hundred Armenian parishioners as he crossed the Armenian-Georgian border on foot. The two pontiffs met with Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili later in the day following an official reception ceremony organized by Ilia in Tbilisi’s Saint Trinity cathedral.
“We are going to discuss issues preoccupying our churches and talk about ways of strengthening our cooperation,” Karekin II said at the ceremony attended by hundreds of people. “We have come here with a robust spirit and a belief that our meeting will strengthen the centuries-old brotherhood and friendship of our peoples.”
One of those issues is the status of six worship sites which Georgia’s Armenian community and its spiritual leaders have been trying to regain since the Soviet collapse. The Georgian Church has insisted on their Georgian origin with the tacit backing of successive governments in Tbilisi.
The biggest source of Georgian-Armenian tensions is a 15th century Tbilisi church known as Norashen. In 2005, the Armenian Apostolic Church accused a Georgian priest of erasing its Armenian frescos and inscriptions and placing Georgian tombstones in the church’s courtyard to prepare ground for its takeover by the Georgian Church. The two churches and governments froze the dispute at the time, agreeing to keep the status quo pending further negotiations.
Prime Minister Tigran Sargsyan publicly challenged Georgian claims to Norashen by lighting candles and praying there with members of Tbilisi’s Armenian community during a December 2008 visit to Georgia.
There were more than 20 Armenian churches in Tbilisi in the late 19th century, a time when the city had a vibrant and large Armenian community that played an important role in its cultural and economic life. Only two of them are controlled by the Armenian Church at present.
One of those churches, Saint Echmiadzin, has just undergone capital repairs. Karekin II is due to re-inaugurate it on Sunday.
Another bone of contention is the status of the Armenian Church’s Georgia Diocese. Like Georgia’s other minority denominations, it has no official registration and is therefore not treated by the Georgian authorities as a single legal entity.
The head of the diocese, Bishop Vazgen Mirzakhanian, expressed hope that Karekin II will convince Georgia’s political and spiritual leaders to address the issue. “There are two options,” he told RFE/RL’s Armenian service. “Either the Georgian parliament adopts a law on religion … or the government signs an agreement with the [Armenian] community whereby the Armenian Diocese of Georgia will be recognized as an heir to the spiritual and historical heritage of all Georgian Armenians.”
But Van Bayburt, a Georgian-Armenian leader who advises Saakashvili on minority affairs, played down the importance of official registration. “The lack of it doesn’t prevent an ordinary believer from entering a church, lighting candles and praying there,” he said.
“The issue is too politicized, not by church figures but some of Armenia’s and Georgia’s neighbors,” Bayburt told RFE/RL’s Armenian service in an apparent reference to Russia.
Bishop Mirzakhanian sounded cautious about chances of the two sides finding mutually acceptable solutions during Karekin II’s visit. “There is no agreement yet on any particular issue,” he said.
The visit was originally scheduled to take place in June 2010. The Georgian Church repeatedly postponed it, citing Ilia’s poor health.
Together with the long-serving Georgian patriarch, Karekin II will proceed on Monday to Javakhk and spend three days there. He will become the first supreme head of the Armenian Church to set foot in the area in more than a century.
“This is a source of great joy for us,” said Father Babken Salbiyan, a Javakhk cleric.